Hepatitis is a disease which affects the liver and it has various causes. It is most often caused by a viral infection, but alcohol, toxins and drugs can also spur the condition. The infection results in inflammation of the liver and causes your body to produce antibodies. These antibodies then attack the tissue of your liver. There are five types of viral hepatitis, hepatitis A, B, C, D & E. We have provided an overview of each disease and it’s symptoms and treatments. All attack the liver and come with many possible complications. World Hepatitis Day celebrated on the 28 July aims to raise awareness and control the spread. Immunization is essential for all individuals due to the dire complications which can arise.
1. Hepatitis A
Hepatitis A is a viral disease which often occurs in under developed areas. This is due to the means in which infection spreads. It enters the body through the ingestion of contaminated food and water. Food and water becomes contaminated through contact with the feces of an infected person. Infection can also spread through direct contact with someone afflicted. The disease is rarely fatal, yet the symptoms can be dire if untreated. It also does not cause liver failure, but it’s untreated symptoms can. Poor hygiene and unsanitary living conditions are at the root of this viral infection. Treatment is usually effective and the disease thus only causes minor illness for most.
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